How Can Jesus Be God And The Son Of God?
It can be said in the same way it can be said of a man that he is man and the son of man. Jesus is human, and he came forth from humanity. Even so, it can be said that Jesus is God (Deity, see Jno. 1:1-3), the "Son of God" who came forth from God (Lk. 1:35; Jno. 16:27-28).
The expression "son of" conveys the idea of being like that of which one is the "son." For instance, a "son of peace" was one who bore the character of peace (Lk. 10:6). the "sons of thunder" bore a thunderous nature (Mk. 3:17). A "son of the devil" bear the traits of their father (Jno. 8:44; Acts 13:10). Likewise, Christians are to be "sons of your Father" in heaven (Matt. 5:45).
In like manner, Jesus is God. He is Deity, the Almighty One, eternal God (Isa. 9:6; Jno. 1:1-3; Col. 1:15-17; 2:9). He is termed the "Son of God" to speak of His divine nature and character. "Son of God" also identifies Jesus as the Messiah of prophecy (Isa. 7:14; 9:6; Psa. 2:7; Lk. 1:31-35). Jesus is Immanuel ("God with us," Matt. 1:23).
A thorough definition of "Son of God" is found in John 10:30-38. Jesus said, "I and my Father are one" (Jno. 10:30). The Jews tried to kill him because to call God his Father was to "make yourself God" (Jno. 10:33). Jesus reminded them even their law called some men "gods," so it was not blasphemy to call the one "whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world" the "Son of God" (Jno. 10:34; Psa. 82:6; Jno. 10:36). Then, in John 10:38 Jesus said being the "Son of God" means that "the Father is in Me, and I in Him." "Son of God" is Messianic terminology (see Isa. 9:6; 2 Sam. 7:13-14; Psa. 2:7; Acts 13:33; Rom. 1:4; Heb. 1:5; 5:5). As such, it identifies the nature of the Messiah. He is "God with us."
From the testimony of Scripture we conclude that Jesus is God (Deity). Furthermore, the "Son of God" (Messiah) fulfilled His work and mission as the Savior of the world (Jno. 17:1-5).
Joe R. Price